Be careful about the risks of preterm birth

Be careful about the risks of preterm birth

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist, Op. Dr. Algül Anıl Yılanlıoğlu, "Preterm birth, also known as preterm birth, is a birth triggered by labor pains that we call preterm labor that starts between the 20th and 37th weeks of pregnancy. Spontaneous preterm labor is the cause of 40-50 percent of preterm births." used expressions.

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist, Op. Dr. Yılanlıoğlu warned about the risks of preterm birth.

Yılanlıoğlu stated the following regarding preterm birth risks and types:

"Spontaneous preterm labor is the cause of 40-50% of preterm deliveries. 20-30% is accompanied by preterm paremature membrane rupture. Preterm deliveries can be classified according to the age of gestational week. Between 34th and 37th weeks" late preterm birth delivery 'is classified as' moderate preterm delivery' between 32nd and 34th weeks, 'very early preterm delivery' between 28th and 32nd weeks, and 'extremely early preterm delivery' before 28th week.

60-70 percent of all cases are late preterm delivery, 20 percent middle preterm delivery, 10 percent very early preterm delivery and the other 10 percent extremely early preterm delivery. According to fetal birth weight, it is called low birth weight below 2500 grams, very low birth weight below 1500 grams and extremely low birth weight below 1000 grams. "

- "Alcohol and smoking are important risk factors"

Pointing out that the relationship of preterm birth with maternal, fetal, and placental pathologies as an etiological factor can be divided into subclasses according to the presence of birth symptoms and the route to delivery, Yılanlıoğlu completed his words as follows:

"For this classification, many problems such as the presence of infection, trauma, medical diseases and clinical chorioamnionitis picture of the current situation, uterine rupture, preeclampsia / eclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation in fetal evaluation should be considered in the evaluation during pregnancy. Risk factors for preterm birth are: Low socioeconomic status, African-American origin, extremely low body mass index, maternal age (below 18 or over 40), severe physical stress, periodontal diseases, anemia, infections, uterine disorders (congenital, fibroids). etc.), alcohol and smoking or substance use, medical diseases (pulmonary or chronic HT (Hypertension), renal diseases, cardiac diseases), trauma, intraabdominal surgery and immunological (autoimmune diseases, antiphospholipid syndrome). "

Karaman Haber - Source: AA

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