If you are dizzy, watch out for the ears! Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Associate Professor Yavuz Selim Yıldırım gave important information about the subject.
Vertigo means dizziness and usually comes on suddenly. It is often accompanied by a feeling of nausea and lightheadedness. Vomiting rarely occurs. Dizziness can be very severe or so mild that it does not prevent the person from doing daily work.
Mostly the affected organ is the ear, it can often be diagnosed after taking a detailed history and ear, nose and throat examination, When the dizziness starts, how long it continues, accompanying symptoms are also very important to diagnose the presence of another disease, The first doctor to refer to in dizziness Otorhinolaryngology must have a doctor.
It can be seen in all age groups. Stress and sudden movements can trigger dizziness. Blood pressure, heart rhythm may be affected. Also may change with head movements.
How is the definitive diagnosis of vertigo?
First of all, it is started by checking the eyes of the patient in the polyclinic environment. Then, the diagnosis can be made by physical examination and balance test, hearing test, doppler ultrasound, computed tomography and MRI.
What are the most common causes of vertigo?
The most common is the ear. Then it may be due to the brain, eyes, blood pressure, heart, hormones and various diseases. Dizziness is the most common Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) in the ear. This disease accounts for more than half of all dizziness. There are very short episodes of dizziness in BPPV. Accompanying these attacks; There is sweating, weakness and fatigue. There is a feeling of dizziness that increases with movement, a feeling of falling, imbalance, pushing, pulling, crashing, swaying and returning to return. In this disease, the duration of dizziness is expressed in seconds. These patients do not have hearing loss, no ringing in the ears, the general condition of the patient is good, does not hit anywhere during dizziness, and there is no loss of consciousness. . problems are not detected.
Dizziness is the second most common occurrence in Meniere's disease due to increased fluid pressure in the inner ear. This disease, just like migraine ... comes in attacks ... tinnitus, fullness, feeling of pressure and dizziness occurs. Dizziness may take up to 1 day, but the recovery of the attack 4 It may take up to 5 days. Meniere's disease is also known as ear tension.
It usually occurs in one ear and is more common in middle-aged women. It is inherited genetically. Meniere's disease is aggravated by stress and sadness, prolonged hunger, fatigue, salty foods and extreme sadness cause the disease to start as an attack. Vomiting may be seen in Meniere's disease. Also, headache may accompany.
The third most common cause of dizziness is inflammation of the balance nerve. Nausea and vomiting occur with sudden onset of severe dizziness, approximately 20-30 days after previous upper respiratory tract infections. There is no problem with hearing. There is no neurological problem, but the general condition of the patient is poor and it is difficult to walk.