Five to the Republic
In the mansion of Latife Hanım's father in İzmir Göztepe, Commander in Chief, Prime Minister (Rauf Bey), Yusuf Kemal Bey, pashas, and journalists from Istanbul.
Mustafa Kemal in the garden of the mansion, from İkdam newspaper to Yakup Kadri:
“No one can afford a new war against our victorious army. They will ask for an armistice in a few days. Thus, the first phase of our National Struggle that lasted for four years will be closed. We are now at a crossroads. Either we will leave the country and the nation to Istanbul's submissive, outdated mentality and regime; Or rational, give priority to science, we will be an independent, free, upright, new society. Which way do you think we should choose? “Yakup Kadri says:“ Of course the way of mind ”. (1)
“Yes, we can achieve real salvation through reason. For this, we must open the second phase of the National Struggle. It's a difficult, tough road. We will fight with bigotry, narrow-mindedness, prejudices, superstitions, ignorance deeply rooted, religious traders, and perhaps external forces that do not want us to wake up. " (2)
While Mustafa Kemal explained his thoughts to his representative Ikdam, who was the voice of the nationalists in Istanbul, he concentrated on the lobbying activities in Ankara.
After the war, nobody was in favor of a revolution. They did not want a change in the state order. Abdülmecit Efendi should have been replaced instead of Vahdeddin hal'ed. When there was peace and when the Grand National Assembly moved to its new building in Fındıklı, Istanbul, everything would be fine.
According to newspaper reports, a pro-Hürriyet ve İtilaf Party, Anatolia should have left the last word to Babıali. The pro-Sharia and caliphist teachers were afraid that Mustafa Kemal would commit a murder, such as abolishing the sultanate. According to them, the caliphate cannot be separated from the sultanate. His body and power cannot be taken away. If it is taken, sharia will not work. (3)
Ismet Pasha, who made the meetings as the representative of the Turkish Grand National Assembly in the Mudanya Armistice, was nominated by M. Kemal for the Lausanne negotiations, while Rauf Bey and Kâzım Karabekir Pasha also aspired to this duty. Taking the views of Foreign Minister Yusuf Kemal Tengirşek and some other important people, M. Kemal sends İsmet Pasha to Lausanne as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Although İsmet Pasha knew that this task was difficult and did not want to go, he had to go to Lausanne due to the strong insistence of M. Kemal.
Mustafa Kemal was working to eliminate the distance between him and his first National Forces. He brought Refet Pasha to head the forces that would go to Istanbul. Refet Pasha uses all his energy and skill to place the Anatolian Government in Istanbul and to dissolve the authority of the occupation forces.
Captain (agent) Armstrong, who saw the Turkish soldier enter Istanbul, says: "I hear my soul rebel. The Turks thought as if they were in the era of Suleiman the Magnificent. It hurt my pride that all the honor of the British Empire was rolled into mud against all of Asia.