Diabetes damages the eyes the most Diabetic retinopathy, which is known as diabetes among the people, is shown as the most important cause of preventable blindness between the ages of 20-65 and can result in permanent blindness if timely action is not taken.
World Diabetes Day events are held every year on November 14, in memory of the birthday of Fredrick Bantig, the scientist who discovered insulin about a hundred years ago and made the treatment of diabetes possible.
Eye Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Nilüfer Berker told Anadolu Agency (AA) that diabetes is a chronic disease that manifests itself with high blood sugar and can damage all vessels in the body.
Explaining that the high blood sugar level is due to the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or the inability of the insulin secreted by the cells (Type 2 diabetes), Berker said, "The vessels exposed to high blood sugar for a long time are damaged, clogged and the blood and tissues required for becomes unable to meet the oxygen need. Since vascular damage in diabetes is irreversible, it is very important to take necessary precautions before it occurs. warned.
Berker, as well as all over the world of diabetes prevalence, pointing out that Turkey also increased every year, obesity, poor eating habits, prepared and packaged foods, that of inactivity and stress conditions was the reason for this increase was noticed.
- "If action is not taken in time, this process will result in permanent blindness"
Underlining that eyes are at the head of the organs most affected by diabetes, Berker said, "Diabetic retinopathy is the most important cause of preventable blindness between the ages of 20-65. Uncontrolled high blood sugar causes vascular damage in all vessels of the body called angiopathy and related problems." gave the information.
Explaining that retinal tissue is the layer on the back-inner surface of the eye that contains vision cells, Berker continued his words as follows:
"The retina, which has a very rich vascular network, is very affected by chronic blood sugar levels. As a result of the clogging of retinal vessels, blood circulation is disrupted and the retinal cells start to die without oxygen. Bleeding behind the eyes, fluid accumulation (edema), tears occur. this process results in permanent blindness.
Diabetic retinopathy can occur in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics. It most commonly affects adults between the ages of 20-65. Diabetes for many years and insufficient blood sugar control are the most important risk factors for this complication. The presence of other chronic diseases such as heart and kidney diseases accompanying diabetes, obesity and smoking increase the risk. "
Prof. Dr. Berker pointed out that diabetic retinopathy may not show any symptoms in the early stages, "As the disease progresses, fluttering, deterioration of vision quality and vision loss occur. In advanced stages, the blood pressure of the eye whose nutrition is impaired increases, it turns into a red and painful eye." said.
Disease of diabetic retinopathy treatment