Deed of Anatolia and Sultan I. Kılıç Aslan
He is the son of Kutalmışoğlu Süleyman Şah, the founder of the Anatolian Seljuk State in 1079 AD and is also the second Seljuk Sultan I. Kılıç Aslan.
I realized that we do not know Sultan I. Kılıç Aslan sufficiently today. You ask why? Since the Westerners kept the results of the Crusade of 1101 as much as they could, the reflection of those miraculous achievements of Sultan I. Kılıç Aslan has also revealed a kind of shadow. However, Sultan Kılıç Aslan laid 450,000 Crusader army on Anatolian lands and closed the road from Istanbul to Syria to both Byzantine and Crusader armies.
I. After Kılıç Arslan was defeated in the 1st Crusade and had to surrender the capital Iznik to Byzantium, he vomited 3 different Crusader armies in Anatolia in 1101 Crusade, and those who participated in this campaign could not return to Europe except for counts and dukes. . It stopped the Crusader army in Anatolia, the Crusaders marched to Anatolia in 1101 as 3 separate armies as a continuation of each other.
1. Army; In the Battle of Merzifon, 160,000 Crusaders remained on the battlefield. The counts who survived very few escaped from Sinop and took refuge in Istanbul.
2. Army; He marched south from Ankara to Kulu, Cihanbeyli, Konya and caused the deaths of countless Crusader looters from hunger and thirst with the plan of Sultan Kılıçaslan, and also made them miserable with the hit and run tactic. The remaining fled from Konya in the southeast direction.
However, only 700 people escaped to the forests in a war on the road. The survivors continued on their way and lay on the battlefield until 12 people remained in two separate wars with the Pre-Leading Turkish Oyamakları, who resided as nomads from Çukurova in Altıntaş and İzvit plateaus from the lands of Hadim.
A total of 12 people, including the Count of Nevers, his brother Robert, the flag-bearer Guillaume and his entire entourage, took shelter in Ermenek Castle from this war. They asked for help with payment to the king of the castle. 12 Christians who served as mercenaries in the fortress, Varsak and Pecheneg, were given soldiers and set out for Syria. Guiding 12 Crusaders and guarding the 12 Crusaders, they advanced towards Mut. However, in the estate of the Mut, this Earl of Nevers, his brother Robert, the flag-bearer Guillaume and the 12 Crusaders with all his entourage were stripped naked and released. Later, they reached Hatay in disgrace.
3rd Army; The Crusader army of 300,000 people reached Ereğli via Akşehir, Konya, İsmil, Hotamış and Karapınar via Eskişehir. This army burned and destroyed the places they passed through. They slaughtered whatever came to them. The historical cemetery in the Hotamış plateau is also likely to be the graves of the innocent people crushed by the Crusaders.
The Crusader army reaching Ereğli was knocked down in the face of the battle tactic of I. Kılıç Aslan. In this war, 300,000 people were knocked down in Ereğli, "the bishop of Auvergne Guillaurne fled to the place where the Ereğli water came out with his men and they only had their horses.