Basic resources of life: Soil and Water
The date of November 16 to 22 this year, including the Combating Soil Erosion Week 'TEMA meet the Soil and Water' theme, organizing all your online activities and training in Turkey over the weekend. saying that one of the most important causes of soil erosion, degradation in Turkey, TEMA Foundation Chairman Deniz Atac, the vast majority of land in our country is under threat of erosion, it draws attention to the importance of soil and water relationships.
TEMA Foundation, which has been working with the aim of protecting all natural assets, especially soil, since the day it was founded, welcomes the Week of Combating Erosion, which is celebrated in the third week of November every year, with the theme of "Soil and Water".
TEMA Foundation Chairman of the Board of Marine Atacama territory of Turkey stressed that the threatened erosion of a large part. Stating that the practices protecting the soil should increase for this reason, Ataç said, “Soil and water are the two main sources of life. However, today, land and water assets are faced with serious problems with the effects of people. The soil is eroded due to the destruction of the vegetation that protects it. Coming up soil erosion are still major causes distortion in Turkey. The top soil, which is the most fertile part of the soil, is moved with erosion. Soil fertility, biodiversity, water retention and carbon storage capacity are decreasing. "Erosion must be brought under control in order to meet the food and water needs of today's and future generations and to combat climate change."
Touching on the importance of protecting water assets, Ataç; “With each passing day, the pressure on our water assets is increasing and our water is heading towards a poor condition in terms of quantity, chemical quality and ecology. Water resources in the world will become more critical in the future due to pressures such as climate change, population increase and environmental pollution. Therefore, forests and pasture areas, which are indisputably important in water production, should be protected. In addition, our underground and surface waters should be protected from any pollutant discharge that affects its quality. For sustainable water use, effective planning and management mechanisms should be implemented on basin basis, measures and legislation in the plans should be implemented effectively ”and reminded once again how vital it is to access sufficient and clean water in the global epidemic conditions we are in.
Every year, about 2 tons of soil from the area of a football field mixes into the seas!
Stating that practices that protect the soil reduce the severity of erosion, Ataç; "Turkey every year 642 million tons of soil erosion undergoes, 154 million tons are transported by land to sea streams. In other words, 2 tons of soil from about one hectare of land (slightly larger than a football field) is transported to the seas every year. However, it takes 500 years for 1 centimeter of soil to form. In addition to the lost soil, the topsoil, which is the richest part of the soil in terms of nutrients, is moved due to erosion and the nutrients in the remaining soil are decreasing. Therefore, the need for chemical fertilizers is increasing. Increasing use of chemical fertilizers pollutes water, streams and