Those with lung cancer in their family have a 2.4 times higher risk Bayındır İçerenköy Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist Dr. Muharrem Tokmak, "People with lung cancer in their family should be more careful because the risk of getting this disease increases 2.4 times." used expressions.
According to the statement made by the Bayındır Health Group, lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world and the most common cause of death, according to the data of the World Health Organization. Lung cancer, which ranks second after cardiovascular diseases among all causes of death, is most commonly seen in the age range 50-70.
Stating that 90 percent of lung cancer patients are symptomatic when they apply to a physician, Dr. Tokmak said, “Lung cancer is mostly diagnosed at advanced stages as the lung and bronchial system lacks pain sensation and cough, which is usually the first symptom, cannot be evaluated as a symptom by smoking patients. For this reason, regular checks are of great importance. "People with lung cancer in their family should be more careful because the risk of developing this disease increases 2.4 times."
Tokmak emphasizes that the lungs, which enable the body to intake oxygen and remove harmful carbon dioxide, are a vital organ, and in lung cancer, which occurs as a result of the uncontrolled proliferation of the cells in the lung tissue, this uncontrolled proliferation covers a part of the lungs, forms a mass and causes distant organs called metastasis pointed out that it could also spread.
Stating that smoking is one of the leading factors leading to lung cancer, Tokmak said, "Although a strong link has been established between smoking and the lung in the researches, 15 percent of the cases are non-smokers."
Symptoms of lung cancer
Tokmak stated that symptoms vary depending on whether they are regional, metastatic or widespread. Stating that the lung and bronchial system lacks the sense of pain and the cough, which is the first symptom, cannot be evaluated as a symptom by smoking patients, the diagnosis of lung cancer is mostly made in advanced stages. The mallet listed the symptoms and causes as follows:
"Cough: It is present in more than 75 percent of the cases. It develops due to airway obstruction, infection and pressure on the lung tissue. Weight loss: This symptom, seen at 68 percent, is seen in the case of advanced cancer and liver metastasis. Respiratory distress: percent This symptom, which is seen in 60 percent, may occur as a result of obstruction of the large airways with a tumor, fluid accumulation between the lung membranes called pleura, and paralysis of the diaphragm muscle. Chest pain: It is seen in 50 percent. Cancer may have spread to the chest wall or nerves may be involved. Spitting blood (hemoptysis) : These symptoms are seen in about 25 percent of the patients.The airway occurs when the tumor is involved and necrosis Bone pain: 25 percent and occurs when there is bone metastasis Clubbing: Decreased oxygenation%