The Conqueror of the Orient: Kazim Karabekir
Conqueror of the Orient: Kazim Karabekir
Kazım Karabekir, known as the "Conqueror of the Orient" due to his achievements in Eastern Anatolia during the First World War and the War of Independence, is commemorated on the 73rd anniversary of his death. Kazım Karabekir, a soldier and statesman who was known with the title of "Conqueror of the Orient" due to the heroism he displayed especially in Eastern Anatolia during the First World War and the War of Independence, where the Turkish nation struggled for existence and poverty, is commemorated on the 71st anniversary of his death.
Kazım Karabekir was one of the five boys of Ottoman Army officers Mehmet Emin Pasha and Havva Hanim, originally from Karaman's Karabekir district, on 23 July 1882, in Istanbul Kocamustafapaşa. came into the world. Kazım Karabekir, who started primary school in Istanbul, completed his primary education in Mecca, which he continued in Van and Harput due to his father's duty. Karabekir, who continued his secondary education in Istanbul Fatih Military High School and Kuleli Military High School, graduated from the Military School in 1902. Kazım Karabekir, who completed the Mekteb-i Erkan-ı Harbiye in first place in 1905 and was awarded the "Golden Education" medal, graduated from this school with the rank of "Staff Captain". Karabekir, who was appointed as the Managing Director of Manager's Regional Staff, was appointed in 1907 as an assistant teacher at the Istanbul War College. He took part in the establishment of the first centers of the Union and Progress Associations in Karabekir, Manastır and Istanbul. After the Second Constitutional Monarchy, he was appointed as the Chief of Staff of the 3rd Infantry Division in Edirne in 1908.
Karabekir on March 31
Kazım Karabekir played an important role in the capture of Beyoğlu Barracks and Yıldız Palace and suppressing the rebellion by taking part in the Movement Army that came to Istanbul from Thessaloniki during the 31 March Events on April 13, 1909. In the suppression of the Albanian revolt in 1910, Karabekir, who was the head of the movement division of the corps and partly his staff as the deputy chief of the war, was promoted to the "Major" in 1912. Karabekir served as the Chief of Staff of the 10th Division during the Balkan War of 1912-1913. Karabekir, who was captured on 22 April 1913 and sent to Sofia, came to Istanbul with the Treaty of Istanbul signed with Bulgaria after the capture of Edirne on 21 July 1913.
The hero of Kut'ül Amare Karabekir
Karabekir participated in the First World War, which started in 1914, with the rank of district governor, and received the rank of inheritance after his success in Kerevizdere against the French in the Çanakkale War. Karabekir, who went to Iraq as the chief of staff of German Marshal Graf Von der Gotz Pasha, became the Commander of the 18th Corps from the death of Maraşel until the end of the Baghdad War and took part in the war that the British defeated in Kut'ül Amare. / p>
Karabekir, who fought against the Russians as the Commander of the 2nd Army Corps in Diyarbakır in 1917 2%