Law-Economy Relations and Reform
The Covid-19 epidemic, which has affected the whole world and declared as "Pandemic = Global epidemic" by the World Health Organization, continues by increasing its effects. It is not possible to predict the result of the vaccine and drug trials that are tried to be developed within the scope of combating the disease.
The pandemic has literally shook the world economy. The strict measures that the countries rightly implemented and the closing of their borders caused deep crises in the production economy and service sector. This situation slows down the production wheels and causes many people to be unemployed.
In this global crisis environment, many countries are trying to get under the umbrella of reform.
The economy of our country has been affected by this global crisis as we all feel closely. The resignation of Minister of Economy Berat Albayrak and the appointment of fresh economy staff, especially the new Minister Lütfi Elvan, led to the expectation of a new reform wave in our country. The "Reform in the Field of Economy and Law", voiced by our President, excites us all.
So what is the Relation between Economics and Law? Why does the existence of a strong economy depend on a sound and reassuring Legal System?
Law is roughly defined as a science that regulates personal relationships through sanctions. Since economy is a part of personal relations from production to consumption, law has to regulate these relations as well. Where the law is not correct, economic relations are dragged into chaos because the founder and protector of private property is law. Protection of competition is also provided by legal order. Economic development cannot be achieved in a legal order that protects competition and does not create equal competition conditions. For example, if you do not have transparent procurement legislation, competition and efficiency cannot be achieved in public tenders. The culture of corruption increases. Today, the survival of intellectual property rights such as trademarks and patents, which are among the dominant concepts of the economy, is only possible with a well-functioning legal order.
In short, if your legal order does not give confidence to local and foreign people, if it is not predictable, if the right to a fair trial is not fulfilled, if the disputes cannot be resolved effectively, efficiently and quickly, your economy cannot rise to the level of a developed economy.
Especially after the Second World War, with the liberal economy wave and the acceleration of the development of science in the economic field, serious capital accumulations occurred in developed countries. This situation increased the international circulation of money. There is a high proportion of money in the world today looking for a safe haven for investment. However, when these entrepreneurs, whom we can call foreign investors, take their money to a country, they first look at whether the legal order of that country works well, that is, do unforeseen, unfair accidents happen in that country? Or, if an unlawful practice happens to him, will the courts of that country protect their rights regardless of local and foreign? According to him, it decides on the country to invest in. Therefore, we call the third world countries, where there is no state order, anarchy and chaos prevailing, and the legal order does not work